Intellectual Capital is the New Sexy

This is the why and how studying meditative science is so important. The short answer is intellectual capital. Intellectual capital is probably the most valuable commodity traded in socioeconomic systems as they all run on creativity, innovation and compassion with the skill sets to back up whatever is being created (tennis skills, design, wordsmanship,etc.). As individuals, we  are all cells in the ecosystem of which economics is a piece, the strongest, happiest, most successful  players hold the greatest amount of intellectual capital and on demand cognitive control.

intellectual capital and cognitive control are the new sexy
Photo credit: Mike Hewitt, Getty Images
Intellectual Capital and Cognitive Control are the New Sexy

Marion Bartoli, the 2013 Wimbledon Women’s Tennis champion, was a good example of that. When interviewed before the match about why she was not the media’s pick to win, she commented that she was not blonde enough, nor fit (swim suit model) enough, nor did she smile enough. I listened to the commentators before the match comment on and poke fun of her “quirkiness.” It was thrown in for good measure that she had an IQ of 175. Pre match, John McEnroe was getting pretty annoying with poking fun at Bartoli’s lack of “in the box”  athleticism.

And then, a few minutes into the match, McEnroe changed his tune, with an almost reverent tone applauding Bartoli’s understanding of the game and her thoughtful plays and understanding of the geometry of the court and angles of the shots.

The end result being she simply mentally psyched out her opponent. Of course she had the tennis skills and physical conditioning to back up this win. But as any astute observer of human behavior could see, she simply out thought her opponent on a point by point basis. This takes incredible cognitive control in every area of the brain. It requires the ability to dampen down the emotional centers of the brain allowing the prime power sources of oxygen and glucose to be shunted to the prefrontal cortices along with the other areas of the brain that control focus, being in the moment, spatial ability and projections, eye-hand coordination, muscle memory and all the skills of athletic championship.

Bartoli’s opponent, who pre match was known for her smiles and swimsuit potential will be  known more for her tears and breaking down on the court. Bartoli mentally broke her by being more mentally fit. The point, when the media was chidding Bartoli for lack of fitness (swim suit attractiveness), the real test of fitness was in the mind. Bartoli played an astounding game of tennis cashing in on her intellectual capital, while leveling the playing field for those lesser swim suit model types who understand the importance of mental fitness as the key not only to physical fitness, but to happiness and success in life in general.

Intelligence:  the ability to to apply knowledge, skills and data situationally in order to maximize desired outcome.

 

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Does Meditation Make You Smarter, Happier, More Focused and Take Years Off Your Brain?

 

 by Deborah L Gabriel,

Most everyone who meditates will say yes.

Photo Credit: D. Sharon Pruitt

But Sara Lazar , a neuroscientist at Massachusetts General Hospital, has gone a step further by imaging brain changes in meditators.

Dr. Lazar was not always a believer in the powers of meditation, but while training for the Boston marathon, a running injury took her to a Yoga class for stretching and cardiovascular fitness. When the teacher started touting the fact that Yoga promoted stress reduction, increased compassion and spiritual and emotional benefits; at first she was skeptical, but then  after  a couple of weeks, she noticed that she was calmer, better able to handle stressful situations, felt more compassionate, open hearted and able to see things from other people’s point of view. Still skeptical and thinking maybe she was experiencing a placebo response, she started searching the literature and found plenty of scientific evidence supporting that both Yoga and meditation promoted:

  • stress reduction

  • reduced symptoms associated with:

    • depression

    • anxiety

    • pain

    • insomnia

  • enhanced the ability to pay attention

  • Increased the quality of life and an overall feeling of happiness

Using the concept of neuroplasticity ( the neurons in the brain changing the way they connect and communicate through experience and concentrated effort) together with MRI studies , Dr. Lazar decided to investigate what was going on in the brain.  Her team did a study where they recruited people from the Greater Boston area who had been meditating regularly for several years along with a demographically matched control group who had not previously been meditating.

 They did brain MRI’s on both groups and here are the results:

This chart shows meditation may slow the natural aging of the brain?

It shows that in the areas colored red, the meditators ( blue dots) had an increase in cortical grey matter. The green octagonal area show the pre-frontal cortex, an area of the brain that controls amongst other things, focus, working (short term) memory, the ability to learn new information, executive planning and organization and a braking center for overly emotional reaction.

 So why is this important?

It is well documented that the cortical grey matter shrinks in most people as they age. The cortical grey matter amongst other things controls processing speed of the brain, memory, ability to learn new skills, and thinking in general.

So take a look at the cortical grey matter in those subjects who have been meditating regularly for 30-40 minutes per day. The older subjects ( in their 50’s) actually have just as much if not more more grey matter than many of those 25 year olds who have never meditated. This suggests that meditation may enhance cortical structure as well as possibly slowing down the natural age related decline in the density  of  cortical grey matter.

 Another Study:

So Lazar and her team did another study where they compared demographically matched subjects who  had never meditated. They taught half to meditate for 30-40 minutes per day over 8 weeks vs the controls who just relaxed for 30-40 minutes per day. Both groups were put in the MRI scanner at the end of the 8 weeks.

 

 

This study found that there was an increase in the grey matter that assists in learning and memory:

In the subjects that meditated for 30-40 minutes per day over 8 weeks, there was an increase in grey matter in left hippocampus, an area of the brain that assists in learning and memory and emotional regulation. There was a significant greater amount of grey in the left hippocampus in the meditators than in the non-meditators.

An interesting note is that it has been found that persons suffering from both depression and PTSD have significantly less grey in the left hippocampus than those not suffering from depression and PTSD, suggesting that meditation would be beneficial for both groups.

 Second set of findings from the same study was that meditation increases compassion and empathy:

Subjects who meditated for 30-40 minutes per day over 8 weeks reported an increase in both prospective taking (the ability to see things from another’s point of view) along with increased empathy and compassion. This is visualized in the brain as an increase in cortical grey matter in the temporo-parietal junction.

The third set of findings from the same study shows there is a positive correlation with meditation and stress reduction:

The amygdala is associated with the fight or flight response. Stress increases the cortical grey matter in the amygdala while a calm relaxed state of mind is associated with a decrease in cortical grey matter in the amygdala. The subjects that meditated for 30-40 minutes per day over 8 weeks, reported less stress in their lives than the controls and that was positively correlated with decrease in cortical grey matter in the amygdala as shown in the MRI. It is noted that there was no change in any of the normal everyday life activities in either the meditators nor the controls other than meditating or not, implying that it is not the stress in the environment that is changing, but the meditators response to the stress in their environment that has changed.

In conclusion, the above studies show visually that meditation can literally change the brain.

Resources:

 1. All slides (charts are from) Sara Lazar’s research: TedxCambridge Jan.23, 2012

 2. Meditation Research

3. My own cortical grey matter stored and recalled from over 30 years of study and practice.

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